Flag of Egypt with the national symbol of the Eagle of Saladin

Flag of Egypt with the national symbol of the Eagle of Saladin

Mud brick buildings

Mud brick buildings

Country Egypt
Continent Africa
Capital Cairo
Population 94,666,993 (July 2016 est)
Language Arabic
Religion Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian 10%
Terrain Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
Sports Football (aka soccer), basketball and handball
Animals Hippopotamuses, giraffes, camels, donkeys, & sheep

Snakes (including horned vipers, cobras & sand boa), lizards, geckos, scorpions, and crocodiles

Facts of Interest Rock carvings suggest that in the 10th millennium BCE, the culture of hunter-gatherers/fishers was replaced by a grain-grinding culture.

The deserts to the east and west provided semi-isolation that allowed for the development of one of the world’s great civilizations along the Nile river around 3200 BCE.  The Persian empire rule was established in 341 BCE which was followed by the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and later the Ottoman Turks in 1517.

The Suez Canal completion in 1869 established Egypt as a transportation hub that Britain took control of in 1882 in an effort to protect its dominance in the shipping trade; sovereignty was re-established in 1952.

Egypt has the highest population in the Arab world

Cairo is the largest city in the Arab world with over 12 million

The 2011 Arab Spring resulted in the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak government.

Currently the nation is working towards political and economic stability

Concerns Clean drinking water – the Nile supplies most of the drinking water and is threatened by industrial & agricultural wastes along with municipal sewage

Air quality – urbanization concentration along the Nile has created emissions issues from industrialization and motor vehicles

Security concerns – terrorism, kidnapping, sexual violence, and presence of armed groups exist in the Sinai and Cairo.

Violence against religious minorities – focused violence against Coptic Orthodox Christian minority occurred in July 2015

Mission The Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Egypt (the largest Protestant church in the Middle East) has had a presence in Egypt for over 150 years and after the 2011 Arab Spring revolution has enjoyed a resurgence.