Honduras

Flag of Honduras

The Rio Plátano Biosphere Reserve

Country Republic of Honduras (Link to map of Honduras)
Continent Central America

Touches both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean

Bordered by Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador

Capital Tegucigalpa
Population About 9 million.
Language Spanish

Several Amerindian dialects

Religion Christian (97% Roman Catholic and 3% Protestant).
Terrain Mostly mountains in interior with narrow coastal plains
Sports Football (soccer) is the passion in Honduras.

A few US baseball and football players have come from Honduras.

Animals The scarlet macaw and the white-tailed deer are national symbols of Honduras.

Wildlife is varied due to the vast uninhabited, wooded lands. Animals include wild cats (jaguar, puma (cougar), ocelots, and margays), coyotes, Baird’s tapir (the largest terrestrial mammal in Honduras), several primates, and many birds.

Facts of Interest Honduras became independent of Spain in 1821 and has had free elections since 1982.

Honduras was a haven for anti-Sandanista contras fighting Marxist Nicaragua, and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas.

The eastern Mosquito Coast is a mostly uninhabited region along the Caribbean in Honduras. This area is named after the Miskito Amerindians.

The Rio Plátano Biosphere Reserve, in the Mosquito Coast, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (See picture) and, together with the Nicaraguan portion of the Mosquito Coast, is the largest forest in Latin America north of the Amazon.

The major ethnic group is mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European)

Most people live in either the capital or in the city San Pedro Sula.

Concerns AIDS is epidemic in Honduras, even causing population estimates to be revised downwards and shifting the age profile

Honduras was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and is still recovering.

Earthquakes and floods regularly afflict Honduras, adding to the need for recovery from natural disasters.

Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has the world’s highest murder rate. More than half of the population live in poverty.

Zika is endemic in Honduras.

Human trafficking is a problem, especially along the border with Nicaragua.

Mission Presbyterian Mission (PC(USA)) works in Honduras. The mission work started as disaster relief and has extended to church development, evangelism, and other forms of mission.
Sources CIA.gov, Topend Sports (topendsports.com), Presbyterian Mission (presbyterianmission.org/ministries/global/Honduras), USA Today (Traveltips.usatoday.com), UNESCO (whc.unesco.org/en/list/196)