Ethiopia

Scenery of Ethiopia

Flag of Ethiopia

Country Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Continent Africa (Eastern Africa, west of Somalia)
Capital Addis Ababa
Population 102.4 million, about 80% living in rural areas; median age about 17.8 years
Language Multiple official languages by state structured around the 9 major ethnic groups (Oromo about 34%; Amharic about 30%)

Only about 49% of population is considered literate

Religion 43.5% Ethiopian Orthodox; 33.9% Muslim; 18.5% Protestants
Terrain/Climate Hemmed in from the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden by Eritrea (when the latter became independent in 1993) & Djibouti; it is most populous landlocked country in the world

High plateau with central mountain range divide by Great Rift Valley; and tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

There is active volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley and Dabbahu (plus a handful of historically active volcanoes

About 36% of land is used for agricultural purposes (to grow crops and as pastures)

Sports Football or soccer is the most popular sport. They also play basketball, volleyball, and tennis.

Ethiopia has many runners who’ve set world records and won medals

Animals Animals include: Gelada baboon, Hamadryas baboon, numerous species of monkey, lions, cheetah, bush elephants, gazelles, antelope, zebra, golden jackal, spot-breasted prove, Abyssinian catbird,  . . . . .

Native endangered animals include Ethiopian wolf and Walia ibex.

Facts of Interest Slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Federal parliamentary republic form of government

Ethiopia traces its history as a country back at least 2000 years, one of the oldest in the world

It’s latest constitution was adopted in 1995

Concerns Environment: deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, desertification, water shortages (from water-intensive farming and poor management)

There is excess mortality due to HIV/AIDS – about 0.7% of population lives with HIV/AIDS

High risk of food or waterborne diseases and malaria and dengue fever

Poverty, drought, political repression and forced government resettlement drive Ethiopia’s internal and external migration since the 1960s

Internal and international trafficking of women and children for domestic work and prostitution is growing problem

Since 1991 and the defeat of the brutal Derg regime, Ethiopians migrate to escape violence among the myriad ethnic groups and for economic opportunities

53% of children between 5-14 are engaged in child labor

Mission The Presbyterian Church (USA) has been active since 1918, originally invited in by Haile Selassie, who was Regent then. The mission work is based on CHE (Community Health Evangelism), and is done in partnership with the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (EECMY). The work is primarily in 2 of the 17 synods of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church. They’ve established hospitals, schools and churches.
Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_et.html; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia; https://www.presbyterianmission.org/ministries/global/ethiopia/; https://www.presbyterianmission.org/wp-content/uploads/cgi-CHE-Gambella-R-4-20-16.pdf