Map of Ecuador

Map of Ecuador

Quito surrounded by mountains

Quito surrounded by mountains








Country Ecuador
Continent South America
Capital Quito
Population 16,080,778 (2016 est)
Language Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic 74%, Evangelical 10.4%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.2%, other 6.4%
Terrain Flat coastal area to inter-Andean central highlands & then flat/rolling eastern jungle
Sports Football (aka soccer), football, football!
Animals Some 300 species of mammals have been recorded; in part due to the diverse terrain. Monkeys can be found in the Amazonian lowlands to the very rare Andean spectacled bear, ocelots, jaguars, tapirs, and pumas in the highlands.

Ecuador is home to more than 100 species of bats as well as the 2-toed and 3-toed sloth.

Facts of Interest Ecuador was part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533.

Quito was a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 which became part of the Vice Royalty of New Granada (Quito, Colombia, Venezuela) in 1717.  After independence from Spain (1819-1822), they formed the Gran Colombia federation that was dissolved in 1830 when Quito withdrew.

Ecuador boarders changed over the years due to regional conflicts; with the most recent one in 1995 with Peru (resolved in 1999).

Ecuador is one of 17 mega-diverse countries in the world with a rich ecology, hosting many endemic plants and animals; many of which can be found on the Galapagos Islands which are 620 miles west of the mainland.

Because the earth is not a perfect sphere & has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet from its center is Mount Chimborazo (20,561 ft) not Mount Everest (29,029 ft), which is the highest peak above sea level

April 16, 2016 the sparsely populated area of Muisne (west of Quito along the coast) experienced a severe 7.8 earthquake (673 killed, 27,732 injured).

Concerns Human rights are an issue where the current government has expanded state control over media and civil society to harass, intimidate and punish critics.

General crime is widespread; particularly in the northern region where express kidnapping, carjacking and sexual assaults are common.

Zika virus outbreaks have been reported by the CDC

Mission The Presbyterian church has collaborated with ACT (Action by Churches Together) in response to the April earthquake.

Presbyterian World Mission provides action and leadership in health, climate change, gender justice, and economic justice.