Colombia

Bogota, Colombia

Flag of Colombia

 

 

 

 

 

Country Colombia (Republic of Colombia)
Continent South American
Capital Bogotá
Population 46,736,728 (July 2015 est)
Language Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%
Terrain Flat coastal lowlands, central highlands with high Andes Mountains; eastern lowland plains
Sports Football (aka soccer), cycling & roller skating are most popular
Animals Colombia has 40,00 – 50,000 plant species which is 10 – 20% of the total global number of plants

1800 birds have been identified as well as 456 species of mammals of which about 22% are endangered or critically endangered.

Facts of Interest Spain arrived in the area in 1499 to establish the Viceroyalty of New Granada, which later changed to Gran Colombia when independence was established in 1819.

Colombia emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others were Ecuador and Venezuela)

Colombia is the 2nd most bio-diverse country in the world, right after Brazil which is ~7x larger.

Despite decades of internal drug-related conflicts, Colombia maintains a relative strong democratic institution.

Concerns Colombia supplies ~90% cocaine to the US market and the majority of the other international drug markets.

Also, Colombia supplies the US with a significant amount of heroin

This illicit drug trade fosters a significant inequality (third most in Latin American; 10th in the world) within the country with high poverty and social conflict.

Deforestation from timber exploitation also leads to soil erosion and negative impact on wildlife

Mission The Presbyterian World Mission partners with the Presbyterian Church of Colombia (founded in 1856) which was the first protestant church in Colombia

The United Methodist Church started their mission work in the 1990’s with several well-established churches, which are located among the poor, indigenous and Afro-Caribbean communities.

The above-mentioned negative impact of the drug trade (poverty, conflict) has had the opposite affect for the evangelical church where they have seen a significant increase (0.6% (1960) to 7.5%) of people turning to Christ for hope.

Sources en.wikipedia.org; cia.com; presbyterianmission.org; umcmission.org; christianaid.org