Burkina Faso

Flag of Burkina Faso

Domes of Fabedougou

Country Burkina Faso  – which means “country of honorable people”

Formerly Upper Volta with independence from France in 1960

(Link to map of Burkina Faso)

Continent Africa
Capital Ouagadougou
Population 18,931,686

Ranked as one of the world’s poorest countries and the most illiterate

Schooling is free and mandatory until age 16, but this is not enforced.

Language Mossi and Dioula
Religion Muslim 62%, Catholic 23%, Protestant 7%  – many Christians and Muslims incorporate elements of animism into their religious practices
Terrain A landlocked country in West Africa crossed by 3 rivers, but everything depends on adequate rainfall

Tropical climate with grassy savannas, green hills with small trees and lots of sandstone rock formations that peak over 2000 feet

Sports Football is the favorite.  Also have basketball, rugby, cycling, handball and boxing. BF has sent athletes to the Summer Olympic Games but not the Winter Olympic Games.
Animals Very diverse wildlife – home to the world’s largest population of roan antelope

Have aardvark, antelope, elephants, lions, buffalo, and giraffe

The Saharan cheetah is endangered and many other species have become extinct due to habitat loss.

Facts of Interest Many ethnic groups – Mossi with 53% plus 11 others

High population density, poor health conditions and most of the citizens remain economically oppressed

80% of the people are engaged in farming with cotton the main crop

Cotton and gold are the main exports

Natural resources are manganese, limestone, marble, pumice and salt.

Most famous for its music, art and drumming culture

Holds one of the most important African handicraft fairs in the world

Concerns Political uncertainty especially in neighboring Mali, unreliable energy sources,  poor transportation links , their fragile soil with recurring droughts and soil degradation, deforestation and poor sanitation

90% of people rely on trees for fuel, so trees do not stand a chance

Soil and water conservation and finding alternatives to burning wood for fuel are major concerns

Excessive mortality due to aids with low life expectancy and high infant mortality

Major infectious diseases – typhoid, hepatitis A, dengue fever, malaria, meningitis, rabies

Is a source, transit, and destination for forced labor and sex trafficking

Mission The Christian Alliance church members build and staff health clinics and primary schools.  They also teach literacy classes and establish bible schools and seminaries to train pastors and evangelists.
Sources cia.gov, burkina.com, pcusa, supersport.com, awf.org