Botswana

Flag of Botswana

Zebras of Botswana

Country Republic of Botswana     (Link to map of Botswana.)
Continent Africa
Capital Gaborone
Population Approx. 2.2 million, taking into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS.
Language English is the official language, spoken by about 2% of the people.

Setswana (78%, Kalanga (8%), Sekgalagadi (3%), Sesarwa (2%), Sempukush (2%), and others

Religion 71 % Christian, 6% Badimo, and others include Baha’i, Hindu, and Muslim.
Terrain Predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland with the Kalahari Desert in the southwest.
Sports Top sports include football (soccer), cricket, rugby, tennis, softball, badminton, golf, and track and field, all originally due to British influence.
Animals Zebras are their national symbol

Lions, leopards, elephants, black rhinos and buffalos are the top five.  The huge variety includes antelopes, giraffe, wildebeest, hippos, and zebras.

Facts of Interest Botswana has one of the world’s highest economic growth rates since its independence from England in 1966.

Botswana means “Land of the Tswana”, referring to the major ethnic group, and Botswana is the plural of the singular Motswana.

Seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

Democratic since 1966, with a president, a unicameral parliament, and an advisory board that includes tribal chiefs.

The government provides herding dogs and their food to discourage predators in villages, pepper spray to discourage elephants from going through plowed fields, and predator-proof kraals (huts).  Local bomb squads destroy the ubiquitous red-billed quelea nesting areas since these birds can destroy a crop field in minutes.

Concerns HIV/AIDS is the second highest in the world, killing many and threatening affecting economic gains.

Diamond production is expected to level off, also threatening prosperity.

Human trafficking is a huge problem, with even parents forcing children into forced labor and prostitution.

Mission The Botswana Council of Churches, which includes members of the World Council of Churches, is supporting programs that affirm the dignity of women in the face of overwhelming HIV/AIDS with forced subjugation and the stigma of their situations.
Sources CIA.gov, BBC.com, gov.bw, pcusa.org