Bosnia-Herzegovina

Flag of Bosnia-Herzegovina

Scenery in Bosnia-Herzegovina

 

 

 

 

 

Country Bosnia-Herzegovina        Link to map of Bosnia-Herzegovina
Continent Europe
Capital Sarajevo
Population 3,871,643
Language 3 official:  Bosnian  Croatian  Serbian
Religion Muslim 40%  Orthodox 31%  Roman Catholic 15%  other 14%
Terrain Half the size of KY on the Balkan peninsula with a coast line on the Adriatic Sea, with mountains and thick forests in the Bosnian region in the north and rugged, flat farmland in the southern Herzegovina region
Sports Hiking, white water rafting, skiing, paragliding
Animals Deer, brown bears, fox, wild boars and 205 species of birds
Facts of Interest Conquered by the Romans, then the Goths, claimed by the Byzantine Empire. Around 1200 Bosnia won independence from Hungary and was an independent Christian state for 260 years. The Turks defeated the Serbs and conquered Bosnia in 1463.  Under the Ottoman rule many Christian Slavs became Muslim and many Jews came from Spain.  The Serbs fought against the Ottoman Empire and were annexed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  At the start of WW I, B and H were annexed to Serbia as part of a newly formed kingdom called Yugoslavia.  When Germany invaded Yugoslavia in 1941, B and H were made part of the Nazi-controlled Croatia.  At the end of WW II, B and H were united into a single state  –  one of the six republics of Communist Yugoslavia under Marshall Tito.  Tito died, the Iron curtain fell and Yugoslavia began to splinter.  In 1991 B and H declared independence from Yugoslavia, but ethnic clashes resulted in 3 years of war which was ended in 1995 with the Dayton Accord. In 2004 the EU took over NATO’s peacekeeping mission there, but ethnic cleansing / violence continues.

Prices are inexpensive here and visitors are welcome

Coffee is the backbone of social life – – many coffee houses

The economy relies on export of metals, energy, textiles and furniture, hand-hammered copper goods, handmade delicate lace, carpets, jewelry

Concerns Drinking water and sanitation issues, landmines left from recent wars, air pollution from metallurgical plants, interethnic civil strife and antagonism, boundary disputes with Serbia, transit point for heroin traffic, much money laundering, many refugees and displaced persons

No reports of Zika as of yet and HIV is rare

Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for visitors here

Mission PC USA condemns ethnic violence which continues in B&H

Several Presbyterian Churches have Refugee Resettlement Committees to help refugee families displaced from Bosnia, Sudan and Myanmar

Sources worldatlas.com,  .infoplease.com, pc.usa , cia.gov, travmed.com