Australia

Australian flag has 2:1 ration, which is not typical

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country Commonwealth of Australia                                Link to map
Continent Australia, and about 1/3 of Antarctica
Capital Canberra (south of Sidney)
Population 22,751,014
Language English (about 77%), and several others including indigenous languages
Religion Protestant (about 30%, mostly Anglican), Roman Catholic (about 25%), and many others
Terrain Mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in the southeast, and several islands (Tasmania and other smaller islands). Australia is the driest inhabited continent.
Sports “the footy” (Rugby, soccer, Australian football, etc.), racing (horse, camel, auto), cricket, tennis, water sports, and any other sport
Animals ·About 83% of mammals, 89% of reptiles, 24% of fish and insects, and 93% of amphibians are endemic to Australia. The Koala is one example.

·Largest variety of marsupials:  kangaroos, wallabies, possums

·Many venomous animals:  platypus, spiders, snakes, scorpions, octopus, jellyfish, mollusks, stonefish and stingrays

Facts of Interest ·Captain James Cook made the first claim (the east coast) for Great Britain.

·Only continent without glaciers or an active volcano

·The first Australians arrived 40,000 years before the Europeans found Australia

·Australia has 3.3 times more sheep than people

·One of the world’s oldest fossils, which is about 3.4 billion years old, was found in Australia

·Australia is the 12th largest world economy and 5th highest per-capita income

Concerns ·Due to its arid environment, Australia is affected greatly by environmental changes -Typhoons, droughts, floods, and forest fires.

·Societal issues of drugs/alcohol dependency, homelessness, an aging population, jobs for the disenfranchised (poor, immigrants, etc.).

·There is a strong effort to maintain certain rights (ex. Rights to distinct status and culture, to self-determination, and to land) for the indigenous people, which is about a quarter of the population.

Mission Missions in Australia tend to focus on the societal issues
Sources CIA.gov, australia.gov.au, BBC.com, environment.gov.au, humanrights.gov.au, australia.com